Posts for category: Foot Conditions
While we know that there are a lot of reasons why someone might have dry, cracked feet including being on your feet all day, long-distance running or winter weather, your thyroid might also be playing a role. Many people with hypothyroidism, an underactive thyroid, complain of dry, cracked skin on the soles of their feet, particularly the heels. You may also notice that you get deep, painful fissures or that your skin seems almost leathery in thickness and appearance. This could be a sign to have your thyroid checked.
Since your thyroid is responsible for your metabolism it’s not too surprising that an underactive thyroid slows the metabolism, which in turn causes the body’s temperature to drop. This is why you notice that your feet and hands always seem to be cold to the touch. You may notice that this problem is made worse during cold weather. Some people with hypothyroidism deal with a condition known as Raynaud’s phenomenon, in which the feet and hands are so cold that they go numb and turn blue or white.
Again, there are a lot of things that can lead to swollen feet; however, if you notice swelling in your feet and ankles rather regularly then you may want to have your thyroid checked. Since people with hypothyroidism are also prone to developing tarsal tunnel syndrome, which can lead to permanent nerve damage if left untreated, you must have a podiatrist you can turn to for regular care if you have been diagnosed with a thyroid disorder.
Warts are small growths that can form anywhere on the skin but are especially common on the hands and feet. Although they are generally harmless and usually clear up on their own eventually, warts can spread so it is best to seek treatment to prevent them from affecting other areas of the body. Dr. Kyle Sundblad and Dr. Sadegh Arab, the experienced podiatrists at Advanced Foot, Ankle, & Wound Care in Sterling Heights, MI, diagnose and treat warts. They can recommend the right treatment to clear up your warts as quickly as possible.
Types of Warts
Warts develop as a result of an infection caused by one of the many strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV). The virus prompts the body to produce an excess amount of keratin in the top layer of the skin. This growth of keratin results in the formation of a wart.
There are many different types of warts. Some of the most common types include:
Plantar Warts: This type is often referred to as foot warts since they tend to form on the soles of the feet. Plantar warts are typically flat, hard, and rough with a cluster of small black dots in the center of each wart. These black dots are clotted blood vessels. Plantar warts can cause pain and discomfort when standing or walking since they form on the bottom of the feet. Walking around barefoot in warm, damp areas, such as public pools or locker rooms, increases the risk of developing plantar warts.
Flat Warts: This type can develop in different areas of the body. Flat warts are usually quite small in comparison to other types of warts. They also tend to be much smoother than other warts. Additionally, flat warts form in groups or clusters rather than as a single isolated wart.
Common Warts: This type usually develops on the hands and fingers, but can also appear on the feet as well. Common warts are hard, rough, and raised rather than flat.
Wart Treatment and Prevention
Most warts will eventually clear up on their own, but it is best to treat them for faster results. You should also seek treatment if the warts have spread or are causing pain and discomfort. Over-the-counter wart treatment remedies are available but do not deliver results as quickly as professional treatment. At our office in Sterling Heights, MI, wart treatments include oral and topical medications, acid treatments, laser therapy, and cryotherapy, which involves freezing warts to remove them. Our skilled podiatrists can recommend the right treatment for your warts.
There are several steps you can take to prevent warts from returning in the future. Tips for preventing warts include:
- Avoid walking barefoot at public pools, bathrooms, and locker rooms
- Refrain from sharing personal items with others who have warts
- Wear breathable shoes that fit properly and are not too tight
- Keep the feet clean and dry
- Avoid biting fingernails
We offer several methods for treating and removing warts quickly. Schedule an appointment with Dr. Sundblad or Dr. Arab for the treatment of your warts by calling Advanced Foot, Ankle, & Wound Care in Sterling Heights, MI, at (586) 731-7873, or (586) 979-0560.
Many people can easily manage their bunion symptoms and slow the progression of this common foot deformity through simple lifestyle changes. There are several approaches you can take to reduce bunion pain including,
- Maintain a healthy weight or lose excess weight, which can take pressure off the feet
- Wear shoes that don’t put pressure on the bunion, that provide ample support, and that have lots of room for your toes
- Look for shoes that have a low heel (high heels can make bunions worse)
- Apply a gel or protective pad to the bunion before putting on shoes
- Talk to your podiatrist about the benefits of custom orthotics (aka shoe inserts) and how they could take pressure off the bunion when standing or in motion
- Take pain relievers, whether over-the-counter or prescribed by your doctor
- Warm or cold therapy such as warm soaks or applying ice can also improve swelling, inflammation, and pain (some people prefer the heat to the cold and vice versa; it’s a matter of preference. Try both and see what works best for you!)
- Talk with your podiatrist to see if a night splint could ease morning stiffness and pain
Of course, there are certain scenarios in which a podiatrist may recommend getting surgery to correct the bunion. Here’s when you may want to consider getting surgery,
- You are in significant and chronic pain
- Your bunion is severely enlarged, and the big toe is crossing over the other toes
- Your activities are limited due to your bunion
- Your bunion pain persists for more than a year
- Nonsurgical methods aren’t completely controlling your bunion pain
- You are developing other foot problems such as bursitis or hammertoes due to your bunion
When you bring your child into the podiatrist’s office, the specialist will examine your child’s walk and gait. They will also observe how your child stands to see if their feet turn inwards or to look at how your child’s hips are positioned. Your podiatrist may also recommend imaging tests to look at the alignment of the bones.
While a pediatrician may be the first person to look at and diagnose your child’s pigeon toes, a pediatric podiatrist is going to be able to provide your little one with the specialized treatment and care they need.
Most parents are relieved to find out that many children grow out of mild to moderate forms of pigeon toes. While this may take a few years, this is nothing to worry about and children won’t require special treatment or care.
However, if this issue is detected in your infant, they may need to wear a cast on the feet to fix the alignment before your child begins walking. A podiatrist can also show you a series of stretches and massages that can help the bones grow into the proper alignment.
If your child’s pigeon toes are still causing them issues by 10 years old, then you may want to talk with your podiatrist about whether surgery may be necessary to correct these bone alignment issues.
- Seek immediate medical attention (head to your local ER)
- You may need a tetanus shot if it’s been more than 10 years since your last shot
- Schedule an appointment with your podiatrist within 24 hours of the injury
- Your podiatrist will provide you with a variety of care instructions to keep it clean and disinfected (make sure to follow all of these instructions)
- New or worsening pain
- Skin that’s warm to the touch